News

  • Regular consultative meeting in Almaty

    A regular consultative meeting  by the preparation of project documents for the third year of the project "Harm Reduction Works - Ensure Financing!" was held in February 16-17 in Almaty.

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  • Regional meeting devoted to the discussion of the problem of stigma and discrimination of PLHIV in Almaty

      USAID and ULE "Central Asian Association of People Living with HIV" held a regional meeting on February 11-12, 2016, to discuss the problem of stigma and discrimination of people living with HIV in the Central Asian region as part of the USAID Project "Leader People living with HIV. "

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  • Cascade trainings for doctors in Bishkek

     Cascade trainings for physicians on the formation of tolerant attitude to PLHIV and groups of risky behavior were held in February 8-9, 2016 in Bishkek . The trainings took place within the framework of the "Leader of People Living with HIV" Project, implemented by the Central Asian Association of People Living with HIV, funded by the United States Agency for International Development.

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Introduction

Stigma and discrimination associated with HIV status present major obstacles to PLHIV's access to prevention, treatment and support. To protect the rights and interests of PLHIV, it is crucial to have information that gives a valid overview of the current situation: the difficulties that people face with, and the way this affects their own lives and the lives of their families.

In 2005 an initiative was launched at the international level that would enable the collection of data in order to analyze and evaluate the level of stigma and discrimination in different countries around the world (www.stigmaindex.org). The initiators of this were the international organizations working in the field of protecting the rights of PLHIV: International Federation of Family Planning (IPPF), Global Network of People Living with HIV / AIDS (GNP + / GNP +), International Community of Women Living with HIV / AIDS (ICW / ICW) and the Joint United Nations Program on AIDS (UNAIDS / UNAIDS).

Consequently, the global study was developed "Index of stigmatization of people living with HIV." It was created by people living with HIV, and for people living with HIV. The goal of the study was to get information about the problems of PLHIV related to stigma, discrimination and violation of rights. It is important that the study of the Stigma Index would be designed and implemented by the people living with HIV themselves, taking into account the ethical aspects of the study. In accordance with the methodological procedures, the survey is conducted by interviewers who are also people living with HIV, which ensures full mutual understanding between the respondents and the interviewers. It is also essential to obtain a consent from the respondents for conducting a survey and to maintain the complete confidentiality of the information conducted. All these ethical aspects are already described and undertaken by the methodology.

Prior to the launch of the study, a consultative meeting was held in Kazakhstan in July 2015, in which the governmental agencies have participated: civil societies, UN agencies and international organizations. During the meeting, it was noted that the study of such kind would be conducted for the first time in the country. It is crucial to obtain information on the level of stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV, in order to further develop a strategy to reduce stigma and discrimination in the future. The conduct of this study was discussed in detail and, according to the suggestions made, was discussed and approved by the partners. The minutes of the consultative meeting is attached.

The study of the stigma index of PLHIV in Kazakhstan was conducted in the summer and autumn of 2015 and was a part of the large-scale study on the stigma index in three countries of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan). It has allowed characterizing groups of PLHIV in the regions, to identify the main points of "risk" in stigmatization, discrimination and violation of rights, and, consequently, to outline promising and expedient directions for the development of programs in this area.

The results of the study were presented at the «roundtable» on September 13, 2016, where they were discussed at an advocacy meeting on stigma and discrimination of people living with HIV, including stigma and discrimination in health facilities, on November 2, 2017.

As a result of the discussion, it was decided to finalize a joint work plan for implementing measures to combat stigma and discrimination in the Republic of Kazakhstan for the period of 2017-2019.

 

To acquaint full version of National Plan you need to download this document.